What are the options?
The following manual options found on digital cameras give the same control as film cameras; Manual Aperture, Manual Exposure Compensation, Manual Focus, Manual Shutter.
Manual White Balance - allows you to set the "white point" for the picture. With digital cameras, the sensor needs to find a white point somewhere in the frame to set and correct the other colours. All cameras will set an automatic white point, but an incorrect reference may distort the other colours, giving you a flat or oversaturated picture. Setting your own white point with manual white balance will allow you to get the colours you want, whether they're "real" or not.
These are the "bells and whistles" of a digital camera that distinguish
it from other models.
- Add-On Lens - a lens that attaches to the lens built into the digital
camera. While an add-on lens is not as versatile as an actual interchangeable lens,
it does provide you with an alternative means of composing a shot, by providing a
telephoto or wide-angle option or add-on filters, to name a few. An increasing number of digital cameras are starting to offer this feature.
- Audio Recording - allows you to record a short sound bite with
each image or movie, allowing you to makes notes for future
reference or have a movie with sound. This feature is increasingly used for commercial purposes as a means of voice annotating an image.
- DPOF - or Digital Print Order Format, is a feature
that allows you to send images directly to the printer
while controlling the
quantity and order of the images being printed. Good idea in theory, but very few print services actually accept the DPOF standard.
- Interchangeable Lens - allows you to physically change the type of lens
you use. Interchangeable lens capability is rarely found on digital cameras--and when it is, you can expect a hefty price tag along with it.
- Macro - a lens feature which allows you to take "close-up" shots, usually
within one foot or less; it's good for taking pictures of small objects, such as a stamp or
- Mini Movie - allows you to create a short movie, for those times when
still images simply won't do the trick.
- Remote Control - with this feature, you can take a picture without
holding the camera - an alternative to using a self-timer.
- Rotatable Lens - allows you to adjust the angle of
the lens (not the focusing ability of the camera). Some rotate 180 degrees while
others can rotate a full 360 degrees, allowing you to compose a self-portrait
while viewing yourself on the LCD panel.
- Plays MP3s - This is a feature that allows you to play MP3 music files on your
digital camera. Although it adds functionality to the camera,
most models won't allow you to listen to MP3 files while you are
taking pictures, or vice-versa. Also note that both your music
and your pictures will share space on the camera's memory card,
which may limit your ability to hold a great deal of either at the same time.